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Three phase motors can be classified into two types: induction and synchronous. An induction motor consists of two parts: the stator and the rotor. The stator core is built of sheet-steel laminations that are supported in a frame.
The windings are placed in the stator slots 120 electrical degrees apart. Windings may be connected in “star” (or wye) or delta configuration.
The rotor of the induction motor is made of a laminated core with conductors placed parallel to the shaft. The rotor conductors are embedded in the surface of the core, and are not insulated from the core, because rotor currents follow the “least resistance” path. The rotor conductors are shorted by end rings at both ends.Any motor failure will have the following cost contributors: repair or replacement, removal, installation and loss of production. Most of the motor failure contributors and failed motor components are related to motor overheating. Thermal stress can potentially cause the failure of all the major motor parts: Stator, Rotor, Bearings, Shaft and Frame.
Motor Protection Overview