|Digital Energy Protection & Control Voltage and Frequency Relays IJC Current Balance Relay|
The Type IJC51E relays are used for the protection of lines and of three- phase machines, especially motors and synchronous converters against damage that is caused by phase- unbalancing and single-phase operation.
This protection cannot usually be obtained satisfactorily by voltage relays because in three-phase machine, grounded-neutral, or four- wire circuits the opening of one phase conductor may not appreciably disturb the voltage phase relations or magnitude, especially under light load conditions. The machine, or other connected apparatus, will itself tend to maintain the three-phase voltage intact.
The relay compares the current in
each phase with that in each of the
other phases. An increase of current
in the circuit, irrespective of the
magnitude of the current, will not
cause the relay to operate, so long
as the currents in the phases are not
unbalanced by 25 percent or more.
Lines and AC rotating machines
Regulating transformer exciting windings
Phase balance protection
Phase current unbalance